What is Electrical Engineering?
Electrical Engineering deals with the engineering problems, opportunities and needs of electrical, electronics, computer, telecommunications, and related industries. The discipline focuses on the design and manufacture of electrical and computer technologies and their component parts, as well as on the integration of components into complex systems. The electrical sector includes telecommunications, electronics, biomedical, power generation, industrial product and high-tech companies.
Electrical engineers also deal with power generation and transmission systems, and focus on their quality and reliability so that black outs and other problems can be avoided.
The electrical sector is continually advancing and giving rise to new opportunities. For example, new challenges include more advanced telecommunications networks (including wireless and the Internet), powerful computers (with more memory and lower cost), and electric vehicles.
The electrical and computer sector plays a very important role in the Ontario economy. Many engineering companies are involved in the electrical and computer industry across the region, province and country.
What do Electrical Engineers do?
Electrical engineering focuses on the analysis, design, development and manufacture of electrical equipment, systems and networks. Electrical Engineers are usually found in many industries.
The activities of Electrical Engineers also include computer engineering, and the development of electronics and mechatronics technologies and automation and control systems, to name a few. There are many areas of employment for graduates, who will be highly qualified in research and development, systems engineering and integration, and engineering economics.
Electrical Engineers often work closely with other members of technical teams to help find ways to bring their designs to fruition, while accounting for such factors as cost, quality, reliability and appearance.
What types of careers do Electrical Engineers find?
Electrical engineers work in a wide range of fields:
- telecommunications networks
- wireless transmission systems
- computer hardware and software design
- integrated circuits and micro-electronics
- laser technology and photonics
- speech, image and video signal processing
- industrial automation and robotics
- industrial process control
- electrical power generation and distribution
- design and operation of industrial machinery
Power plants, consumer appliance manufacturers, industrial equipment manufacturers, telecommunication and computer industries, resource companies, biomedical engineering firms and government agencies all employ electrical engineers.
With the rapid advances in technology and growing demand for electrical engineers, electrical engineering is expected to remain one of the most sought-after disciplines in engineering. Electrical Engineering graduates will have the expertise to work productively and independently as engineers and to manage effectively the work of others. Graduates may also choose to pursue graduate studies or start their own business.
The Electrical Engineering program provides graduates with the knowledge and skills required to carry out engineering work for a wide range of electrical and computer companies and for the many industries that use electrical and computer products.
Developed in consultation with industry, the Electrical Engineering curriculum provides a solid grounding in fundamentals, with significant content in engineering sciences and engineering design.
In the first year, you study mathematics, sciences, computing and technical communications — courses that represent the foundation building blocks of most engineering programs. In the second year, you cover, in addition to advanced mathematics, fundamental engineering courses like electronics, digital systems, electromagnetics, and algorithms and data structures. In third and fourth year, you study a range of applied and advanced electrical engineering courses including computer architecture, signals and systems, circuit design, microprocessors, power systems, computer networks, digital communications, and control systems.
State-of-the-art laboratories and facilities are constantly being added and updated to support the program, including laboratories for electronics, telecommunications, microprocessors, power systems and electromechanical energy conversion. These are complemented by our 10,000-square-foot Integrated Manufacturing Centre, which showcases advanced and industrial-scale manufacturing and automation technologies.
Complementary studies, including collaborative leadership, economics, and ethics and law for professionals, promote a broader understanding of the needs of society and technology’s impact on it. Students gain technical expertise along with the understanding of business and humanities required for an integrated approach to the electrical and computer industry.
Engineering and Management Program
Students can choose to complement their technical studies in this engineering program with business and management courses by opting for the five-year Engineering and Management program that corresponds to this discipline.